Native + Naturalized Trees of Vermont

The list below is a pretty complete list of the woody trees (and shrubby trees and some common shrubs) that grow wild in Vermont. I’ve split the list first by conifers (gymnosperms) and flowering plants (angiosperms), and then nested species by family. For taxonomy, I used Magee and Ahles. I made a few (arbitrary) cuts from the list based on prevalence in Vermont, or lack thereof, so don’t get angry if you don’t find your favorite Euonymus here. For some genera (like Crataegus or Salix) where variation between species is difficult to discern but the genus is easily identifiable I chose not to list individual species. Species with profiles will appear as active links after I create them. Be patient, this process takes time!

* = species not native to Vermont
§ = shrub
spp. = multiple species within the genus

Note: We recently merged this site with another one and so the links currently are not showing up. We’re in the process of updating this page. Stay tuned!

Origins + Meanings of Tree Names

Curious about the origins and meanings of tree names? Check out the full guide to translating the common and scientific names of Vermont’s trees, available as both a full booklet PDF and a Google Sheet document.

Tree Dictionary
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms

Taxaceae (yews)

  • § Taxus canadensis (American yew)

Pinaceae (Pines, yews, firs, hemlocks)

Cupressaceae (cypresses, cedars)

Salicaceae (willows, aspens, cottonwoods)

​Juglandaceae (Walnuts, hickories)

Betulaceae (Birches)

Fagaceae (Oaks, beeches)

Ulmaceae (elms, hackberry)

Cannabaceae (hackberry)

Moraceae (mulberry)

  • ​* Morus alba (white mulberry)
  • Morus rubra (Red mulberry)

Magnoliaceae

  • Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip poplar)

Lauraceae (Laurel)

  • Sassafras albidum (sassafras)

Hamamelidaceae (witch hazel)

Platanaceae (plane-trees)

  • Platanus occidentalis (Sycamore)

Rosaceae (Roses)

Fabaceae (beans)

Rutaceae (Rue)

  • § Zanthoxylum americanum (prickly ash)

Anacardiaceae (Cashew)

Sapindaceae (Maple)

Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn)

Malvaceae (Mallow)

Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster)

​Cornaceae (Dogwood)

Nyssaceae (Tupelo)

  • Nyssa sylvatica (Black gum)

Oleaceae (Ashes)

Bignoniaceae (trumpet creeper)

  • Catalpa spp. (Catalpa)

Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle)

  • § Lonicera canadensis (fly honeysuckle)
  • § Lonicera dioica (wild honeysuckle)
  • § Lonicera hirsuta (hairy honeysuckle)
  • *§ Lonicera morrowii (gray honeysuckle)
  • § Lonicera oblongifolia (swamp fly honeysuckle)
  • *§ Lonicera tartarica (Tartarian honeysuckle)
  • § Lonicera villosa (mountain fly honeysuckle)
  • § Sambucus nigra (Common or black elderberry)
  • § Sambucus racemosa (red elderberry)
  • § Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaved viburnum)
  • § Viburnum dentatum (arrow-wood)
  • § Viburnum edule (squashberry)
  • § Viburnum lantanoides (hobblebush)
  • § Viburnum lentago (nannyberry)
  • § Viburnum nudum (possumhaw)
  • § Viburnum opulus var americanum (highbush cranberry)​
Tree Identification Guide