Mammals of Vermont

The following list comes from Vermont Fish & Wildlife’s Natural Heritage Inventory, and is a complete list of the mammals found in our state. This ain’t your grandma’s taxonomy either. The list was updated in March of 2017 and includes lots of revisions to genera, though the overall relationships remain the same, and common names have not been affected by lumping or splitting species. Species with profiles will appear as active links after I create them. Be patient, this process takes time!

* = non-native species
§ = Vermont species of concern
† = Vermont threatened or endangered species

Didelphidae (American opposums)

  • Didelphis virginiana (Virginia oppossum)

Sciuridae (squirrels)

  • Glaucomys sabrinus (northern flying squirrel)
  • Glaucomys volans (southern flying squirrel)
  • Marmota monax (woodchuck)
  • Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)
  • Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)
  • Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (red squirrel)

Castoridae (beavers)

  • Castor canadensis (American beaver)

Dipodidae (jerboas, jumping mice, birch mice)

  • Napaeozapus insignis (woodland jumping mouse)
  • Zapus hudonius (meadow jumping mouse)

Cricetidae (New World voles, mice, lemmings, muskrats)

  • § Microtus chrotorrhinus (rock vole)
  • Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)
  • Microtus pinetorum (woodland vole)
  • Myodes gapperi (southern red-backed vole)
  • Ondatra zibethicus (common muskrat)
  • Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)
  • Peromyscus maniculatus (deer mouse)
  • Synaptomys cooperi (southern bog lemming)

Muridae (Old World rats & mice)

  • * Mus musculus (house mouse)
  • * Rattus norvegicus (brown rat)

Erethizontidae (New World porcupines)

  • Erethizon dorsatum (North American porcupine)

Erethizontidae (New World porcupines)

  • Lepus americanus (snowshoe hare)
  • * Sylvilagus floridanus (eastern cottontail)
  • § Sylvilagus transitionalis (New England cottontail)

Soricidae (shrews)

  • Blarina brevicauda (short-tailed shrew)
  • Sorex cinerus (masked shrew)
  • § Sorex dispar (long-tailed or rock shrew)
  • Sorex fumeus (smoky shrew)
  • Sorex hoyi (American pygmy shrew)
  • Sorex palustris (American water shrew)

Talpidae (moles)

  • Condylura cristata (star-nosed mole)
  • Parascalops breweri (hairy-tailed mole)

Vespertilionidae (evening or common bats)

  • Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)
  • Lasionycteris noctivagans (silver-haired bat)
  • Lasiurus borealis (eastern red bat)
  • Lasiurus cinereus (hoary bat)
  • † Myotis leibii (eastern small-footed bat)
  • † Myotis lucifugus (little brown bat)
  • † Myotis septentrionalis (northern long-eared bat)
  • † Myotis sodalis (Indiana bat)
  • † Perimyotis subflavus (eastern pipistrelle)

Canidae (dogs)

  • Canis latrans (coyote)
  • Canis domesticus (domestic dog)
  • Urocyon cinereoargenteus (gray fox)
  • Vulpes vulpes (red fox)

Felidae (cats)

  • Felis (domestic cat)
  • † Lynx canadensis (lynx)
  • Lynx rufus (bobcat)
  • † Puma concolor (mountain lion)

Mustelidae (weasels)

  • Lontra canadensis (river otter)
  • † Martes americana (pine marten)
  • Mustela erminea (ermine)
  • Mustela frenata (long-tailed weasel)
  • Neovison vison (American mink)
  • Pekania pennanti (fisher)

Procyonidae (raccoons)

  • Procyon lotor (raccoon)

Ursidae (bears)

  • Ursus americanus (black bear)

Cervidae (deer)

  • Alces americanus (moose)
  • Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)